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[自考] 2022年10月自考英语00015答案解析

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    发表于 2022-10-30 20:52:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    本帖最后由 zhentijia 于 2022-10-30 21:07 编辑

    一、阅读判断(1~10题,每题1分,共10)(难度中等)Lacking in Self-Esteem(自尊)? Good for you!
    According to psychological and educational theories self-esteem is essential for a successful life Generations of children, ①especially minority kids have been educated according to the theory that they lack self-esteem, and that this deficiency is central to any problems they may have in making their way in the world.Well, guess what? ②A new research has found that self-esteem can be just as high among grade D students and drunk drivers as it is among Nobel Prize winners and former presidents.   ④In fact, people with high self-esteem can engage in far more anti-social behavior than those with low self-esteem. We used to believe that high self-esteem would cause all sorts of positive consequences and that if we raised self-esteem, people would do better in life,” a researcher said. “Mostly the data have failed to support that. ⑤"Racists, street thugs (恶棍) and school bullies(恶霸) all have high scores on the self-esteem tests. And you can see why. ⑥If you think you’re highly gifted, you’re particularly offended if other people don’t treat you that way.So, you hit out or commit crimes to defend your pride. After all, who are they to suggest that you could be doing something wrong? What do they know?Self-esteem can also be an educational concern. ⑧College teachers are constantly complaining about the high self-esteem of their students.  ⑨When every grade in the school is assessed so as to make the kid feel good rather than to give an accurate measure of his work, the kid can develop self-esteem dangerously unrelated to the truth.  ⑩When he's told he is getting a C grade in college, he can then get deeply offended or extremely angry Weak professors give in to the pressure-hence grade inflation which results in their students' vague touch with reality.

    1. It is believed that minority kids often have self-esteem problem.A.True B. False C.Not Given
    2. A new research shows that high self-esteem is essential to success.
    A.True B.False C. Not Given
    3. Parents are responsible for their children’s self-esteem.
    A.True B.False C. Not Given
    4. Anti-social behavior is related to low self-esteem.
    A.True B. False C. Not Given
    5.Racists have low self-esteem.
    A.True B. False C. Not Given
    6. People with high self-esteem are hurt more easily.
    A.True B.False C.Not Given
    7. College students are faced with high economic pressure.
    A.True B. False C. Not Given
    8. College teachers are often annoyed with students’ high self-esteem
    A.True B. False C. Not Given
    9. High grades help students know the truth of themselves.
    A.True B. False C. Not Given
    10.Some college students may find a C grade offending
    A.True B. False C.Not Given

    解析:我都标出来下划线了就不用说原因了吧。。。没标注的就是没提


    二、阅读选择(11~15题,每题2分,共10)(难度易)
    Organic Farming
    During thousands of years of huma civilization, the raising of animals and growing of plants have always been organic. Chemicals for farming first came up at the turn of the 20th century. Widespread use of chemicals began after World War II. In the 1950s and 60s farmers started using chemical fertilizers and pesticides (杀虫剂). ①Recently, however, more and more farmers have been returning to organic farming.In organic farming, farm products are produced in more natural ways. Crops, meat and other food are produced without chemicals. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and growth hormones(激素) are forbidden. Farmers enrich the soil with natural fertilizers. They pull out weeds by hand. Hay and straw are put between the rows of plants to stop weeding. They rely on the natural enemies of pests to control pests. ②Animals are fed organically and can eat grass outdoors. Cows, for example, are kept in pastures(草场)and fields. Vegetables and fruit are also produced with organic methods.Organic farming enjoys many advantages. ③For example, crop rotation can preserve the good qualities of soils. The growing of different crops can keep soils healthy and fertile. Organic farming is healthier for farm workers, and there are fewer remains of chemicals in food. ④In the long run, organic farms save energy and protect the environment. It can slow down global warming and reduce the pollution of ground water.Meanwhile, there are some disadvantages. Organic food is more expensive. Organic products may cost up to 40% more. ⑤Production costs are higher as farmers need more workers, and the land output is much less. Marketing and distribution is not efficient because organic food is provided in smaller amount. Crop illness may happen very often. Besides, organic farming cannot produce enough food for the world’s population to survive. This could lead to starvation in countries that can't produce enough food today.

    11. Organic farming _______.
    A. started in the 1950sB. had a short historyC. has become popular in recent yearsD. was promoted by World War II
    解析:第一段最后一句,越来越多的农夫回到有机耕种,那不就是变受欢迎了么。注意D选项promote指的是“促进”,原文虽然提到二战,但是二战只是个用农药的时间点。


    12. In organic farming ______.
    A. cows can move around in fieldsB. natural enemies of pests are scarceC. chemicals are used to kill pestsD. machines are used to pull out weeds
    解析:BCD在原文都可以找到反例,只有A和原文是同一个意思。


    13. The phrase “crop rotation” (Para. 3) probably means ______.
    A. growing high-yielding cropsB. seasonal growing of cropsC. planting soil-enriching cropsD. regular changing of crops
    解析:看这个单词后面那句,种不同蔬菜,是在进一步解释庄稼轮换是啥意思。


    14. One advantage of organic farming is that it is_______.
    A. water-savingB. labor-savingC. market-friendlyD. environmentally-friendly
    解析:定位倒数第二段,逐句排查,protect the environment。


    15. The problem of organic farming is _______.
    A. poor qualities of soilsB. high production costsC. the use of too much landD. the shortage of farm workers
    解析:容易选成C或者D,但是这俩都和原文说的不一回事,原文的C说的是土地产出、D说的是需要更多人手,不等于短缺,且是造成成本变高的原因之一,不能单拎出来。四、概括段落大意及


    补全句子(16~25题,每题1分,共10)(难度易)
    Health Benefits of Honey with Milk(白给)

    Honey and milk get along well. ISince ancient timesthis mix is known for its amazing health benefits.(1)Take a glass of honey with milk before you set out for your day in the morning, and you are guaranteed enough to get through the morning rush. Milk provides you the proteins required while honey helps you get the energy by breaking down these proteins. No wonder this drink is meant for all ages alike.(2)Milk is known for providing calcium()which in right levels, helps in preventing bone diseases as we age. Research has indicated that honey does a good job of carryingnutrients(营养成分)in the food through the blood to various parts of the body. In particular honey helps in the absorption of calcium,the vital part of milk.(3) If you ask doctors or your grandmother for a solution to your sleeplessness, you are bound to get the same answer-a glass of warm milk with honey.It is best known to induce sleep So take it regularly if you have sleeping problems.(4)Milk and honey not only help in preventing aging by keeping the skin glowing but also improve your body as a whole as they contain antioxidants(抗氧化物).These help keep the body young and flexible. For a very long time, this has been an open secret in keeping your body look and feel young.(5)Both milk and honey are known to ward off harmful bacteria in our body, but their combined strength is more effective in achieving this effect. Cough and cold can be prevented by taking this drink regularly. It also aids in digestion and treating bowel disorders.Task
    1A.Honey milk for digestion
    B. Honey milk for a youthful glow
    C. Honey milk for stronger bones
    D. Honey milk for energy
    E. Honey milk for a sound sleep
    F.Honey milk for antibacterial benefits
    ①D②C③E④B⑤F
    解析:纯粹找一样的词就哦了!

    Task 2
    A.proteins and calcium
    B. salt and sugar
    C. cough and cold
    D. your body look and feel young
    E. drink milk and honey
    F. of calcium
    21. Milk is rich in_A_.
    22. Milk and honey help__D__
    23. Honey helps the absorption_F_
    24. Your body may bend or move easily if you_E_
    25. Drinking honey milk regularly can prevent_C_
    解析:注意回文定位,基本一题对应一段,如果找不到,就先空着,做下一题。

    四、填句补文(26~30题,每题2分,共10)(难度易)
    Insomnia(失眠)
    I just could not fall asleep the other night. I just didn’t feel sleepy I can’t explain why, but it was really annoying. I got very bored lying in bed, so I decided to read a book 26 But even when I finished reading, I still didn’t feel tired.So I listened to some peaceful music.That didn’t workeither I have heard people say if you have a warm drink before bedtime,it will help you drift off to sleep. So I went downstairs and made myself a cup of tea.  27  Still,I couldn’t sleep. I was getting very frustrated by this point!It felt strange to be awake while everyone else was asleep. 28 In fact it was a little bit frightening. When you go to sleep it feels like one day ends and another begins. But if you stay up late you realize that day and night are just a gentle transition(转变)a cycle while has no end and no beginning. At 4a.m., I noticed a faint light coming through my curtains. The sun had started to rise!Normally, I'm a heavy sleeper.  29  So on this occasion, I consider myself lucky to see a beautiful sunrise.I knew I needed to get some rest, but it seemed the harder I tried to force myself asleep the more difficult it was. Eventually, I just let my mind go free.  30  I listened to the birdsong…. and the next thing I knew it was 11 a.m! I was happy that I had managed to get some sleep! I have never struggled with sleeping before, so this was my first exnerience of insomnia. Fortunately I have been sleeping well since then.

    A.The world seemed so quiet.
    B. I stopped forcing myself to sleep
    C. After my tea, I got back into bed.
    D. I didn’t want to wake up my family
    E. I thought reading would help me get to sleep.
    F. I had never been awake at this time in the morning.
    26.E解析:前后都说看书呢,那咱就选看书,简而言之,前后说啥事就选啥事
    27.C解析:你猜是不是前面说喝茶来着。
    28.A解析:这题建议空着最后做,容易选D或者F,注意后面的“吓人”,说明不是怕吵醒父母;又因为F会在后面用到,所以还是有机会选对的。
    29.F解析:注意this occasion,和F的this time呼应上了。30.B解析:前面说let my mind free,放空了,不纠结睡觉这事了。


    五、填词补文(31~40题,每题1.5分,共 15 )(不当人)
    Smiles
    A smile costs nothing but creates much. It enriches those who__31__, without making those who give poor. It happens in a__32__and the memory of it sometimes lasts __33__. None are so rich that they can get along without it, and none so__34__but are not richer for its benefits. It creates __35__in the home, and fosters goodwill in a business. It is rest to the weary(疲劳的), daylight to the__36__and sunshine to the sad. Yet it can’t be bought, beggedborrowedor stolen,for it is something that is no earthly good to anybody till it is given__37__. And if in the last-minute rush of Christmas__38__, some of our salespeople should be too__39__ to give you a smile, may we__40__you to leave one of yours? For nobody needs a smile so much as those who have none left.
    A.forever    adv.                    B.away       adv.                                  C. happiness    n.                           
    D. satisfied   v.+edE.discouraged     v.+ed F. flash       n.
    G.receive      v.            H. tired      adj.   I. poor     adj.
    J. enough     adj.   K. buying    v.+ing         L. ask    v.* 像我这样把单词词性先标好


    31.receive
    32.flash
    33.forever
    34.poor
    35.hapiness
    36.discouraged
    37.away
    38.buying
    39.tired
    40.ask

    解析:按照词性仍旧有活路,不过是确实难,这篇文章的难度不亚于前面的阅读选择,主要是句式不是说明、议论文,更像是散文,所以读起来别别扭扭。还好主谓宾大法基本还能用,对一半问题不大。比较难的是36,这个词比较陌生,是“气馁的”意思,加上前面的the表示一类人。这一题容易和39搞混。
    六、完型补文(41~50题,每题1.5分,共 15 )(难度高)
    The Importance of Friendship for School-age Children
    Friends are very important to school-age children's healthy (health) development Research has shown (show)that children who lack friends can suffer from emotional and mental difficulties later in life. They have also found that children with friends have a greater (great) sense of happiness, better self-esteem and fewer problems as they grow up.Friendships provide children with more than just fun playmates (playmate ). They help children develop emotionally and morally (moral). In interacting with friends, children learn many social (society) skills, such as how to communicate,and how to cooperate. They practice controlling (control) their emotions and responding to the emotions of others. They develop their ability (able) to think through and negotiate different eituations in thoir rolationships. Having friends affects (affect) children in many ways, even their school perfomance (perform). Children tend to have better attitudes about school and learning when they have friends there. In short, friendships are not just a luxury, they are a necessity (necessary) for children.
    解析:按照蒙猜大法,还是4道题的准确率,懂点三单的知识能对一半。最后一题对于单词量和拼写难度都不小。但难度属于合理范围内。


    七、写作( 30 )(难度易)
    请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。某英语学习报征集一篇题为“My Dream Trip”的稿件。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:·你最想去哪里旅游·为什么你最想去那里解析:征文统一看做议论文处理,套用征文模板即可;诀窍在于“立意”,立意的第一步就是把我的dream trip城市、国家,当做一个论点表述出来,我们这里用北京举例,即“我认为北京是最美好的目的地”,你的主论点就顺利成章出来了;之后开始想分论点,北京为什么是你梦想的目的地?一,因为北京景点多,在这之后继续问自己,凭什么说北京景点多?因为北京有很久的历史;二,因为北京好吃的多,在这之后继续问自己,凭什么说北京好吃的多?因为北京有很多的当地小吃。到此,你的构思就全部完成了,转换成英文:
    主论点:Beijing is a perfect destination
    分论点一:there are so many scenery spots in Beijing原因一:this city has a very long history
    分论点二:there are so many delicious foods in Beijing原因二:many local snacks can be found there

    接下来就是愉快的代入环节了~
       Recently, more and more people are talking about dream trip. From my perspective, it is totally undoubted that Beijing is a perfect destination (city to go to也行). The reasons why I believe so are listed as below.
       The first point that I want to mention is that there are so many scenery spots in Beijing, and that is because this city has a very long history. What is more, it’s easier for us to understand that there are so many delicious foods in Beijing, which is because many local snacks can be found there.
       From what I mention above, we can easily come to the conclusion that Beijing is a perfect destination. After all, there are so many scenery spots and delicious foods.

    120 words












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